Combined Regimens in Immunotherapy

Authors: B. Melichar;  M. Spisarová
Authors‘ workplace: Onkologická klinika LF UP a FN Olomouc
Published in: Klin Onkol 2017; 30(Supplementum3): 45-49
Category: Review
doi: 10.14735/amko20173S45


The advent of immunotherapy has changed our concept of how to manage metastatic disease. With the exception of relatively rare tumors, the treatment of metastatic cancer is still considered as palliative, and in systemic treatment immunotherapy is often selected, considering better tolerance. Immunotherapy opens the perspective of a long-term, possibly durable, response, and, in contrast to other approaches to targeted therapy, is active across a spectrum of tumors. Combined regimens that increase the efficacy, given the context, are thus of importance. The most promising results are currently obtained using a combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab for the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma and metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Toxicity of the treatment can be managed by supportive care, and combination immunotherapy is gradually becoming established as a standard option in the management of these two neoplastic disorders. Moreover, additional trials using a combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab to treat other tumors are underway as well as studies of other combinations, including those that employ antibodies acting on immune checkpoints in combination with other targeted agents or cytotoxic chemotherapy. Other options include combinations with surgical therapy, i.e., adjuvant or neoadjuvant administration of immunotherapy or with radiotherapy based on the abscopal effect of radiation. Thus, although the results of combination immunotherapy are very promising, this strategy is still in its infancy. Thus, only the next generation of clinical trials will be able to determine to what extent these combined regimens can meet the high expectations of medical oncologists and the general public.

Key words:
immunotherapy – ipilimumab – nivolumab – pembrolizumab The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE recommendation for biomedical papers.

27. 9. 2017

3. 10. 2017


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