Clinical typology of the foot .

Authors: I. Vařeka 1,2;  R. Vařeková 3
Authors‘ workplace: Lázně Luhačovice a. s. generální ředitel: ing. J. Krůžela, CSc. 2Katedra fyzioterapie a algoterapie, FTK UP v Olomoucivedoucí: doc. MUDr. J. Opavský 3Katedra fyziologie a funkční anatomie, FTK UP v Olomouci vedoucí: prof. RNDr. J. Riegrová, CSc. 1
Published in: Rehabil. fyz. Lék., , 2003, No. 3, pp. 94-102.


The system of clinical typology of the foot is developed with the goal to individually organize separatetypes of feet into particular groups. This should help to explain variable incidence of foot malfunctionand variable success with therapy. “Anthropometrical“ methods, based on description of the shape,size or other foot measurements, can only very marginally contribute to the choice of appropriatetherapy.On the contrary, functional typology of the foot can contribute to rational choice of the orthoticinsoles or other therapeutical measures in common and less serious disorders of the foot.Functionaltypology is based on the knowledge of functional anatomy and kinesiology, mainly in relation betweensubtalar and Chopart’s joint and mutual position of the tarsal and metatarsal joints. These characteristicscan significantly affect postural and locomotor function of the foot.

Key words:
foot, kinesiology, typology

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Physiotherapist, university degree Rehabilitation Sports medicine
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