National Database of Genotypes – ethical and legal issues


Authors: Věra Franková 1;  Jolana Těšínová 2;  Radim Brdička 3
Authors‘ workplace: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, 1. lékařská fakulta, Ústav pro humanitní studia v lékařství a Ústav dědičných metabolických poruch 1;  Univerzita Karlova v Praze, 1. lékařská fakulta, Ústav veřejného zdravotnictví a medicínského práva 2;  Ústav experimentální medicíny AV ČR a Ústav hematologie a krevní transfuze, Praha 3
Published in: Čas. Lék. čes. 2011; 150: 372-375
Category: Topic

Overview

The aim of the project National Database of Genotypes is to outline structure and rules for the database operation collecting information about genotypes of individual persons. The database should be used entirely for health care. Its purpose is to enable physicians to gain quick and easy access to the information about persons requiring specialized care due to their genetic constitution. In the future, another introduction of new genetic tests into the clinical practice can be expected thus the database of genotypes facilitates substantial financial savings by exclusion of duplicates of the expensive genetic testing. Ethical questions connected with the creating and functioning of such database concern mainly privacy protection, confidentiality of personal sensitive data, protection of database from misuse, consent with participation and public interests. Due to necessity of correct interpretation by qualified professional (= clinical geneticist), particular categorization of genetic data within the database is discussed. The function of proposed database has to be governed in concordance with the Czech legislation together with solving ethical problems.

Key words:
database of genotypes, ethics, legal regulations in the Czech Republic.


Sources

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