Swimming Courses for Infants and Toddlers – What Should Their Families Know


Authors: V. Mihál;  J. Janda
Authors‘ workplace: Česká pediatrická společnost ČLS JEP
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2010; 65 (12): 717-722.
Category: Opinion of expert / working groups

Overview

1. Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness and Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Swimming programs for infants and toddlers. Pediatrics 2000;105(4): 868–870.

2. Injury Prevention Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society. Swimming lessons for infants and toddlers. Pediatr. Child Health 2003; 8(2): 113–114.

3. Editorial:
Swimming programs for infants and toddlers. Pediatrics 2002; 109(1): 168–164.

4. Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention, Jeffrey Weiss, MD. Prevention of drowning. Pediatrics 2010 July; 126: 253–262.

5. Blanksbay BA, Parker HE, Bradly S, et. al. Children´s readiness for learning front crawl swimming. Aust. J. Sci. Med. Sport 1995; 27: 34–37.

6. Sigmundsson H, Hopkins B. Baby swimming: exploring the effects of early intervention on subsequent motor abilities. Child: Care, Health and Development 2010; 36(3): 428–430.

7. Brenner RA, Taneja GS, Haynie DL, Trumble AC, Qian C, et al. Association between swimming lessons and drowning in childhood. A case control study. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 2009; 163: 203–210.

8. Li Yang, Quan-Qing Nong, Chun-Ling Li, et al. Risk factors for childhood drowning in rural regions of a developing country: a case control study. Inj. Prev. 2007; 13: 178–182.

9. Hassall IB. 36 consecutive under 5-year old domestic swimming pool drownings. Aust. Pediatr. J. 1989; 25(3): 143–146.

10.
Goldberg G, Lightner EDS, Morgan W, Kemberling S. Infantile water intoxication after a swimming lesson. Pediatrics 1982; 70: 599–600.

11.
Bernard A, Carbonnelle S, de Burbure C, Michel O, Nickmilder M. Chlorinated pool attendance, atopy, and the risk of asthma during childhood. Environ Health Perspect. 2006; 114: 1567–1573.

12.
Bernard A, Carbonelle S, Dumont X, Nickmilder M. Infant swimming practice, pulmonary epithelium integrity, and risk of allergic and respiratory diseases later in childhood. Pediatrics 2007; 119: 1095–1103.

13.
Bernard A, Nickmilder M, Voisin C, Sardella A. Impact of chlorinated swimming pool attendance on the respiratory health of adolescents. Pediatrics 2009; 124(4): 1110–1118.

14.
Cotter A, Ryan CA. The pool chlorine hypothesis and asthma among boys. Ir. Med. J. 2009; 102(3): 79–82.

15.
Jacobs JH, Spaan S, van Rooy GBGJ, et al. Exposure to trichloramine and respiratory symptoms in indoor swimming workers. Eur. Respir. J. 2007; 29: 690–698..

16.
Voisin C, Sardella A, Marcucci F, Bernard A. Infant swimming in chlorinated pools and the risks of bronchiolitis, asthma and allergy. Eur. Respir. J. 2010.

17.
Schoefer Y, Zutavern A, Brockow I, et al. Health risks of early swimming pool attendance. Int. J. Hyg. Environ-Health 2008; 211: 367–373.

18.
Uyan ZS, Carraro S, Piacentini G, Baraldi E. Swimming pool, respiratory health, and childhood asthma: should we change our beliefs? Pediatr. Pulmonol. 2009; 44: 31–37.

19.
Mihál V. „Plavání“ kojenců a batolat – co by měli vědět jejich rodiče. Lék. Listy 2010; 2: 7–8.

20. Reich JD. Letter to the Editor:
Criticism of Infant Swimming Practice Is Political, Not Scientific. Pediatrics 2007; 120(4): 926–927 (viz také diskuse v Pediatrics – full text http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/120/4/926.pdf).


Sources

1. Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness and Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Swimming programs for infants and toddlers. Pediatrics 2000;105(4): 868–870.

2. Injury Prevention Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society. Swimming lessons for infants and toddlers. Pediatr. Child Health 2003; 8(2): 113–114.

3. Editorial: Swimming programs for infants and toddlers. Pediatrics 2002; 109(1): 168–164.

4. Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention, Jeffrey Weiss, MD. Prevention of drowning. Pediatrics 2010 July; 126: 253–262.

5. Blanksbay BA, Parker HE, Bradly S, et. al. Children´s readiness for learning front crawl swimming. Aust. J. Sci. Med. Sport 1995; 27: 34–37.

6. Sigmundsson H, Hopkins B. Baby swimming: exploring the effects of early intervention on subsequent motor abilities. Child: Care, Health and Development 2010; 36(3): 428–430.

7. Brenner RA, Taneja GS, Haynie DL, Trumble AC, Qian C, et al. Association between swimming lessons and drowning in childhood. A case control study. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 2009; 163: 203–210.

8. Li Yang, Quan-Qing Nong, Chun-Ling Li, et al. Risk factors for childhood drowning in rural regions of a developing country: a case control study. Inj. Prev. 2007; 13: 178–182.

9. Hassall IB. 36 consecutive under 5-year old domestic swimming pool drownings. Aust. Pediatr. J. 1989; 25(3): 143–146.

10. Goldberg G, Lightner EDS, Morgan W, Kemberling S. Infantile water intoxication after a swimming lesson. Pediatrics 1982; 70: 599–600.

11. Bernard A, Carbonnelle S, de Burbure C, Michel O, Nickmilder M. Chlorinated pool attendance, atopy, and the risk of asthma during childhood. Environ Health Perspect. 2006; 114: 1567–1573.

12. Bernard A, Carbonelle S, Dumont X, Nickmilder M. Infant swimming practice, pulmonary epithelium integrity, and risk of allergic and respiratory diseases later in childhood. Pediatrics 2007; 119: 1095–1103.

13. Bernard A, Nickmilder M, Voisin C, Sardella A. Impact of chlorinated swimming pool attendance on the respiratory health of adolescents. Pediatrics 2009; 124(4): 1110–1118.

14. Cotter A, Ryan CA. The pool chlorine hypothesis and asthma among boys. Ir. Med. J. 2009; 102(3): 79–82.

15. Jacobs JH, Spaan S, van Rooy GBGJ, et al. Exposure to trichloramine and respiratory symptoms in indoor swimming workers. Eur. Respir. J. 2007; 29: 690–698..

16. Voisin C, Sardella A, Marcucci F, Bernard A. Infant swimming in chlorinated pools and the risks of bronchiolitis, asthma and allergy. Eur. Respir. J. 2010.

17. Schoefer Y, Zutavern A, Brockow I, et al. Health risks of early swimming pool attendance. Int. J. Hyg. Environ-Health 2008; 211: 367–373.

18. Uyan ZS, Carraro S, Piacentini G, Baraldi E. Swimming pool, respiratory health, and childhood asthma: should we change our beliefs? Pediatr. Pulmonol. 2009; 44: 31–37.

19. Mihál V. „Plavání“ kojenců a batolat – co by měli vědět jejich rodiče. Lék. Listy 2010; 2: 7–8.

20. Reich JD. Letter to the Editor: Criticism of Infant Swimming Practice Is Political, Not Scientific. Pediatrics 2007; 120(4): 926–927 (viz také diskuse v Pediatrics – full text http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/120/4/926.pdf).

Labels
Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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