Diabetic Ketoacidosis


Authors: Ľ. Barák 1;  E. Jančová 1;  J. Staník 1;  D. Karovič 2;  D. Csomor 2;  T. Šagát 2;  M. Benedeková 3
Authors‘ workplace: Detské diabetologické centrum SR pri I. detskej klinike Lekárskej fakulty Univerzity Komenského ;  a Detskej fakultnej nemocnice s poliklinikou, Bratislava vedúci MUDr. Ľ. Barák, CSc. Detská klinika anesteziológie a intenzívnej medicíny Slovenskej zdravotníckej univerzity 1;  a Detskej fakultnej nemocnice s poliklinikou, Bratislava prednosta prof. MUDr. T. Šagát, CSc. I. detská klinika Lekárskej fakulty Univerzity Komenského a Detskej fakultnej nemocnice s poliklinikou 2;  Bratislava prednostka doc. MUDr. M. Benedeková, PhD., mim. prof. 3
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2006; 61 (10): 599-602.
Category: Comprehensive Report

Overview

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) appears in about 25% of children with diabetes type 1. It is a metabolic complication induced by insulin deficiency and increased production of counterregulating hormones. There are various triggering factors, which cause evolution of various pathogenic mechanisms, which in the final outcome result in endangered life of the child. The article presents a clinical picture and laboratory parameters of DKA. The therapy of DKA is risks and possible complications are elaborated in the article. In conclusion the authors briefly review the situation of the hospitalized children in the Children Diabetological Center of Slovak Republic in the years 2002–2005.

Key words:
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), diabetes mellitus type 1, hyperglycemia, incidence


Labels
Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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