Phenotyping of enzymes participating in drug metabolism


Authors: Svatopluk Světlík;  Karolína Hronová;  Ondřej Slanař
Authors‘ workplace: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, 1. lékařská fakulta, Farmakologický ústav
Published in: Čes. slov. Farm., 2012; 61, 115-126
Category: Review Articles

Overview

Pharmacogenetics is a rapidly developing field of science promising individualization of treatment through determination of genetic polymorphism in pharmacodynamics (receptors and other drug targets) and pharmacokinetics (carriers, metabolic enzymes). Enzyme activity may be predicted using genotyping or directly phenotyped – after administration of a probe substrate. This review article deals with some important metabolic enzyme polymorphisms and their phenotyping methods. Special consideration is given to the analytical methods described in the literature, which can be used to determine the metabolic rate.

Keywords:
pharmacogenetics, cytochrome P450, HPLC, drug biotransformation


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