Augmented Cervical Stabilisation for Failed Fixation in Patients with Severe Osteoporosis –  Two Case Reports


Authors: P. Barsa;  R. Fröhlich;  P. Suchomel
Authors‘ workplace: Neurochirurgické oddělení, Neurocentrum, Krajská nemocnice Liberec, a. s.
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2013; 76/109(4): 486-491
Category: Case Report

Overview

The instrumented spinal fusion in patients with osteoporosis is challenging because of poor bone quality and difficult due to frequent instrument failure secondary to pullout of screws and intervertebral body fusion device subsidence, leading to revision procedures. The authors treated two severely osteoporotic patients presenting with hardware failure after an index procedure in cervical spine. Combined antero‑posterior stabilisation at multiple levels in conjunction with vertebroplasty of instrumented cervical vertebral bodies enabled reduced postoperative deformity and led to long‑term stability of the construct. Clinical experience obtained with these two patients support theoretical assumption that additional vertebroplasty not just strengthens osteoporotic vertebral bodies but also immediately anchors the screws and reduces a risk of intervertebral body device subsidence. Therefore, this seems to be a viable strategy for treatment of osteoporotic patients after cervical spine hardware failure.

Key words:
device failure – osteoporosis – internal fixation – polymethylmethacrylate verte­broplasty – cervical spine


Sources

1. Ponnusamy KE, Iyer S, Gupta G, Khanna AJ. Instrumentation of the osteoporotic spine: biomechanical and clinical considerations. Spine J 2011; 11(1): 54–63.

2. Barsa P, Suchomel P, Buchvald P, Lukáš R, Vaníčková E. Jsou bikortikální šrouby při přední krční fúzi skutečně bikortikálně zavedeny (retrospektivní studie)? Acta Chir Orthop Traumat Cech 2002; 69(1): 35–38.

3. Richter M, Wilke HJ, Kluger P, Claes L, Puhl W. Biomechanical evaluation of a newly developed monocortical expansion screw for use in anterior internal fixation of the cervical spine. In vitro comparison with two established internal fixation systems. Spine 1999; 24(3): 207–212.

4. Hasegawa T, Inufusa A, Imai Y, Mikawa Y, Lim TH, An HS. Hydroxyapatite-coating of pedicle screws improves resistance against pull-out force in the osteoporotic canine lumbar spine model: a pilot study. Spine J 2005; 5(3): 239–243.

5. DeWald CJ, Stanley T. Instrumentation-related complications of multilevel fusions for adult spinal deformity patients over age 65: surgical considerations and treatment options in patients with poor bone quality. Spine 2006; 31 (Suppl 19): S144–S151.

6. Sawakami K, Yamazaki A, Ishikawa S, Ito T, Watanabe K, Endo N. Polymethylmethacrylate augmentation of pedicle screws increases the initial fixation in osteoporotic spine patients. J Spinal Disord Tech 2012; 25(2): E28–E35.

7. Tan JS, Bailey CS, Dvorak MF, Fisher CG, Cripton PA, Oxland TR. Cement augmentation of vertebral screws enhances the interface strength between interbody device and vertebral body. Spine 2007; 32(3): 334–341.

8. Pitzen TR, Drumm J, Bruchmann B, Barbier DD, Steudel WI. Effectiveness of cemented rescue screws for anterior cervical plate fixation. J Neurosurg Spine 2006; 4(1): 60–63.

9. Waits C, Burton D, McIff T. Cement augmentation of pedicle screw fixation using novel cannulated cement insertion device. Spine 2009; 34(14): E478–E483.

10. Jung MY, Shin DA, Hahn IB, Kim TG, Huh R, Chung SS. Serious complication of cement augmentation for damaged pilot hole. Yonsei Med J 2010; 51(3): 466–468.

11. Zhuang XM, Yu BS, Zheng ZM, Zhang JF, Lu WW. Effect of the degree of osteoporosis on the biomechanical anchoring strength of the sacral pedicle screws: an in vitro comparison between unaugmented bicortical screws and polymethylmethacrylate augmented unicortical screws. Spine 2010; 35(19): E925–E931.

12. Phillips FM, Todd Wetzel F, Lieberman I, Camp­bell-Hupp M. An in vivo comparison of the potential for extravertebral cement leak after vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Spine 2002; 27(19): 2173–2179.

Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

Article was published in

Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

Issue 4

2013 Issue 4

Most read in this issue

This topic is also in:


Login
Forgotten password

Don‘t have an account?  Create new account

Forgotten password

Enter the email address that you registered with. We will send you instructions on how to set a new password.

Login

Don‘t have an account?  Create new account