Severe community-acquired pneumonia


Authors: Jakubec P.
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika plicních nemocí a tuberkulózy LF UP a FN Olomouc
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2019, 21(3): 129-134

Overview

Community-acquired pneumonia is an acute infection of the pulmonary alveoli, respiratory bronchioles, and interstitium, which is acquired in a common environment (community). It is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. Severe community-acquired pneumonia is the most serious form of the disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly, immunocompromised and severe comorbid patients. Initially, it is important to stratify the risk of illness and decide on an adequate place of care, preferably in an intensive care unit. The cornerstone of treatment is timely and adequate antibiotic treatment, treatment of acute respiratory failure and sepsis. The disease is accompanied by a number of complications, of which heart disease is one of the most common. Even now, the disease has a serious progression and often a poor prognosis, especially in risk groups of patients.

Keywords:

severe community-acquired pneumonia – risk stratification – dia­gnostics – complications


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