The Spireta Project


Authors: J. Vetešník 1,2
Authors‘ workplace: ZZS Olomouckého kraje, Olomouc 1;  Komise pro historii oboru ČSARIM 2
Published in: Anest. intenziv. Med., 27, 2016, č. 2, s. 126-130
Category: History

Editor rubriky: Jiří Málek

Overview

Spireta laid the foundation for mobile ventilation equipment for resuscitation in Czechoslovakia in the late 1970s and 80s. The first version of the apparatus was made for military use (1977). It worked on the proven principle of intermittent positive pressure using O2 as the driving medium and featured original, reliable mechanical devices for the timing of the respiratory phases (Czechoslovak patent by Ing. Rumánek and his technician Sláma, 1976). It was manufactured by the Chirana company based in Stará Turá. The emergency services (briefcase) version weighed 15 kg and allowed mechanical ventilation and oxygen inhalation by face mask. It also included a suction unit, a two-liter pressurized oxygen tank and airway management devices such as plastic airways and face masks. Fixed mechanical ventilation could be used separately for children and adults of different sizes (using simple switch controls).

KEYWORDS:
Spireta – Chirana – equipment for resuscitation – history of medicine


Sources

1. Spireta, typ 397 351 523, návod k použití přístroje, Chirana, koncernový podnik Stará Turá, 1 s.

2. Křísící a inhalační přístroj K 200, návod k použití přístroje, Chirana Praha, národní podnik.

3. Keszler, H., Pastorová, J., Jardný, J., Fencl, V. Resuscitace. 2. vydání, 1963, s. 74–84.

4. Pokorný, J., Stárková, A. Anesteziologická technika. 1. vydání, 1961, s. 48–56.

5. Pokorný, J., Bohuš, O. et al. Anesteziologie a resuscitace v České a Slovenské republice na cestě k oborové samostatnosti. 1. vydání, 1996, s. 40–42. ISBN 80-85369-36-2.

6. Rumánek, G. Čriepky a črepiny. 1. vydání, 2014, s. 62–65. ISBN, 978-80-971573-5-7. 

7. Spireta, typ 397 351 523, návod k použití přístroje, Chirana, koncernový podnik Stará Turá, vydání 1984, 8 s.

Labels
Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Inten Intensive Care Medicine
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