Survey of transfusion practices in Jehovah’s Witnesses


Authors: R. Černá Pařízková 1;  D. Seidlová 2;  V. Černý 1,3,4,5
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika anesteziologie, resuscitace a intenzivní medicíny, Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Lékařská fakultav Hradci Králové, Fakultní nemocnice Hradec Králové 1;  II. anesteziologicko-resuscitační oddělení, Klinika anesteziologie, resuscitace a intenzivní medicíny, Lékařská fakulta Masarykova univerzita Brno, Fakultní nemocnice Brno 2;  Klinika anesteziologie, perioperační a intenzivní medicíny, Univerzita J. E. Purkyně v Ústí nad Labem, Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad Labem 3;  Centrum pro výzkum a vývoj, Fakultní nemocnice Hradec Králové 4;  Dept. of Anesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada 5
Published in: Anest. intenziv. Med., 26, 2015, č. 5, s. 263-269
Category: Anaesthesiology - Original Paper

Overview

Objective:
The aim of the study was to explore attitudes and clinical practices of anesthesiologists in the Czech Republic towards patients‘ refusal of blood transfusion.

Design:
A prospective questionnaire.

Materials and methods:
An anonymous questionnaire was sent by e-mail to the physicians who were members of the Czech Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (CSARIM). The physicians were asked about their opinion and clinical practice in patients refusing blood transfusion in life-threatening haemorrhage situations.

Results:
Two hundred and forty responses were obtained. Most respondents – 218 (91.2%) – expressed their views. Thirty nine (28.9%) respondents would give transfusion against patients‘ wishes. The majority of anesthesiologist – 159 (69%) – would override the patients‘ will and give blood transfusion in life-threatening bleeding. One hundred and nine (51%) respondents would fully respect patients‘ will regardless of the severity of their medical condition, 104 (49%) anesthesiologists would give blood transfusion if it is necessary for saving the patient’s life. No difference was found between male and female respondents with regard to their opinion on blood tranfusion. Less experienced physicians (clinical practice less than 10 years) would respect the patients‘ wishes more likely than physicians with clinical practice of 10 years and more.

Conclusion:
Czech anesthesiologists respect patients‘ will about blood transfusion, however if the patient is at risk of death due to bleeding, more than half of the responding physicians would give blood transfusion regardless of the patients‘ will.

Keywords:
Jehovah’s Witnesses – blood transfusion


Sources

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Labels
Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Inten Intensive Care Medicine
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