Chest Expansion, Ventilatory Parameters and Selected Kinesiologic Indices in Patients with Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Disease


Authors: K. Neumannová
Authors‘ workplace: Katedra fyzioterapie, Fakulta tělesné kultury UP, Olomouc, vedoucí katedry prof. MUDr. J. Opavský, CSc.
Published in: Rehabil. fyz. Lék., 18, 2011, No. 3, pp. 132-137.
Category: Original Papers

Overview

Bronchial asthma (AB) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are chronic pulmonary diseases which can lead to health problems and complication. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation treatment on chest expansion, ventilatory function, kinesiologic findings and symptoms of these diseases. The examined group consisted of 92 patients. Chest expansion, pulmonary function tests (spirometry), kinesiologic examination and baseline interview were examined and assessed at the beginning and at the end of pulmonary rehabilitation treatment. The initial and final results were statistically compared. The results were also compared with results of a control group (consisting of 106 healthy people). The results of this study show that AB and COPD patients had lower chest expansion, higher number of shortened and weak muscles. I noticed decreased values of vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, peak expiratory flow and maximal expiratory flow in patients with COPD. There were significant improvements of chest expansion and ventilation function at the end of pulmonary rehabilitation treatment. The presence of disease symptoms was also lower in AB and COPD patients at the end of pulmonary rehabilitation treatment. From given results it can be concluded that pulmonary rehabilitation treatment is an important part of comprehensive treatment in AB and COPD patients.

Key words:
bronchial asthma, pulmonary rehabilitation, ventilatory function, muscle imbalances, symptoms of disease


Sources

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Labels
Physiotherapist, university degree Rehabilitation Sports medicine
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