Behavioral determinants of osteoporosis: should we educate women about osteoporosis?


Authors: Blanka Trojanová
Authors‘ workplace: Katedra porodní asistence, LF MU, Brno, vedoucí katedry doc. MUDr. Igor Crha, CSc.
Published in: Prakt Gyn 2013; 17(1): 86-92
Category: Nursing in Gynaecology: Original Article

Overview

Objective:
Objective of this study was to verify the educational needs of women in the prevention of osteoporosis based on the occurrence of modifiable risk factors for disease, determine the occurrence of the behavioral risk factors among women in various age groups and their impact on their health.

Material and methods:
An examination was carried out on 737 women in the city of Brno. Through the distributed questionnaire CINDI Health Monitor. The examined women were stratified according to their age as follows: group A (16–24 years), group B (25–49 years), group C (50–65 years). The study focussed on the incidence of high-risk behavior in the categories of tobacco smoking, inadequate nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, low physical activity and extreme values of BMI. The results were compared between defined groups of women. For a statistical significance was used test ANOVA (post hoc test) and Fishers Exact Test.

Results:
The examination showed highly significant differences in the incidence of tobacco smoking – the most active smoking group was A (p < 0.05), poor eating habits were most pronounced in groups A (ANOVA test < 0.05), excessive alcohol consumption was highest at group A (p < 0.05), the risk factor for the lack of physical activity was generally significant (p < 0.05) as age increased. The evaluation of the health impact of smoking was only in group A (p < 0.05), inadequate food had an effect on group B (p < 0.05), excessive alcohol consumption had no effect on any group (A (p > 0.05). Physical activity had an effect on all groups (p < 0.05), BMI only had an effect in group C (p < 0.05).

Conclusion:
These recent results show that risk factors are most common in group A, while these women do not consider the risks to their health. The need to educate young women in the prevention of osteoporosis appears to be necessary.

Key words:
osteoporosis – non-pharmacological prevention – behavioral determinants – educational needs


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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