Significance of human papillomavirusinfections


Authors: Daniel Driák;  Borek Sehnal
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a Nemocnice Na Bulovce, Praha
Published in: Čas. Lék. čes. 2013; 152: 15-19
Category: Review Article

Overview

Human papillomavirus is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases; more than three quarters of sexually active population are infected during their lifetime. Most of papillomavirus infections clear spontaneously, however persistent high-risk human papillomavirus 16 and 18 are responsible for over 70% of all cases of cervical cancer and related to a major part of cancers in the vulva, vagina, penis, anal region, and oropharynx. It is estimated that approximately 5.2% of all cancers are associated with oncogenic human papillomavirus infection.

Keywords:
human papillomavirus – cervical cancer – vulvar cancer – vaginal cancer – penile cancer – oropharyngeal cancer – esophageal cancer – genital warts – laryngeal papillomatosis


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