Tuberculosis in the Czech Republic in 2005

Authors: J. Homolka ;  F. Krejbich ;  J. Holub 1
Authors‘ workplace: I. klinika tuberkulózy a respiračních nemocí 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha ;  Ústav zdravotnických informací a statistiky České republiky 1
Published in: Čas. Lék. čes. 2006; 145: 738-742
Category: Original Article


The number of notified TB cases decreased in the year 2005, when1007 new TB cases and relapses were reported (9.9/100 000 inhabitants). 

Methods and Results.
838 cases were pulmonary TB (8.2/100 000) and from them 586 were definite pulmonary cases (5.7/100 000). The decreasing trend in TB incidence reported since 1998 has continued. The treatment of definite pulmonary cases notified in 2004 and evaluated in 2005 was effective. Treatment success was in 80.7 % of cases, but failures and interrupted treatment were only 2.5 % of cases. Only 14.7 % new cases of pulmonary TB were found by active case-finding. 

Next targets of TB control must be an active case-finding in high-risk groups and monitoring latent TB infection. 

Key words:
tuberculosis, epidemiology, treatment, resistance.

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