Human hantavirus diseases – still neglected zoonoses?


Authors: V. Vrbovská 1,2;  P. Chalupa 3;  P. Straková 1,2;  Z. Hubálek 1,2;  I. Rudolf 1,2
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav experimentální biologie, Masarykova univerzita, Brno 1;  Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, v. v. i., Brno 2;  Klinika infekčních nemocí, 1. LF UK v Praze a Ústřední vojenská nemocnice – Vojenská fakultní nemocnice Praha 3
Published in: Epidemiol. Mikrobiol. Imunol. 64, 2015, č. 4, s. 188-196
Category: Review Article

Overview

Hantavirus disease is the most common rodent-borne viral infection in the Czech Republic, with a mean annual incidence of 0.02 cases per 100 000 population and specific antibodies detected in 1% of the human population. Four hantaviruses (Puumala, Dobrava-Belgrade, Tula, and Seewis) circulate in this country, of which Puumala virus (responsible for a mild form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome called nephropathia epidemica) and Dobrava-Belgrade virus (causing haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) have been proven to cause human disease. The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive review of the hantaviruses occurring in the Czech Republic, based on the literature published during the past three decades, including their geographical distribution and clinical symptoms. The recent detection of Tula virus in an immunocompromised person as well as reports of Seoul virus infections in Europe highlight the possible emergence of neglected hantavirus infections in the foreseeable future.

Keywords:
hantaviruses – Dobrava-Belgrade – Puumala­ – rodents ­– insectivores – emerging diseases –surveillance


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