Gynecological Aspects of Thyroid Disorders. A Review


Authors: P. Maruna
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav patologické fyziologie 1. LF UK, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. E. Nečas, DrSc.
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2006, 71, č. 4 s. 332-338
Category: Original Article

Overview

Objective.
The most frequent thyroid syndromes – hypothyroidism and thyrotoxicosis - are often accompanied with menstrual disturbances. The aim of this study was to summarize knowledge of physiology, pathology and clinical aspects of both thyroidal and gonadal axis interactions.

Subject.
A review.

Setting.
Department of Pathological Physiology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague.

Conclusion.
About 25% female infertility and 15% menstrual cycle disorders result from thyroid dysfunction. Particularly, the subclinical hypothyroidism has a high prevalence in the population; therefore, thyroid function must be examined in female with unclear infertility or menstrual disturbances. The next overlap of thyroid disorders and gynaecology represents iodine-131 use for differentiated thyroid carcinoma in fertile age with aspects to ovarian failure and gestational risk.

Key words:
estrogens, hypothyroidism, menstrual cycle, prolactin, thyroid gland, thyrotoxicosis, thyroxin.


Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

Article was published in

Czech Gynaecology

Issue 4

2006 Issue 4

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