Alveolar echinococcosis – a rare disease requiring a multidisciplinary approach


Authors: D. Erhartová 1;  J. Froněk 2;  F. Stejskal 3,4,5;  H. Skopcová 6;  D. Kautznerová 7;  J. Špičák 1;  P. Trunečka 1
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika hepatogastroenterologie, Transplantcentrum, IKEM, Praha 1;  Klinika transplantační chirurgie, Transplantcentrum, IKEM, Praha 2;  Klinika infekčních nemocí 2. LF UK a Nemocnice Na Bulovce, Praha 3;  Infekční oddělení, Krajská nemocnice Liberec, a. s. 4;  Ústav imunologie a mikrobiologie VFN v Praze a 1. LF UK 5;  Pracoviště klinické a transplantační patologie, Transplantcentrum, IKEM, Praha 6;  Pracoviště radiodiagnostiky a intervenční radiologie, Komplement, IKEM, Praha 7
Published in: Gastroent Hepatol 2018; 72(4): 287-292
Category: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology: Original Article
doi: 10.14735/amg2018287

Overview

Alveolar echinoccocosis (AE) is a rare and potentially lethal zoonosis that primarily affects the liver and is caused by larvae of the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, which occurs in the northern hemisphere. AE is an illness with tumor-like characteristics, such as infiltrative growth and metastatic potential. Diagnosis consists of imaging studies (ultrasonography, CT, and magnetic resonance) and serological tests. All patients are treated by long-term benzimidazoles therapy and if possible by radical surgery. In exceptional cases, a liver transplantation (LTx) can be performed. LTx is considered in patients with advanced, symptomatic and radically inoperable disease. Recurrence of AE has been linked with immunocompetence. The risk of recurrence is higher with post-transplant immunosuppressive treatment. Currently, non-surgical interventions, such as percutaneous drainage of bile ducts are preferred, which address most complications. The number of LTx due to AE is diminishing in Europe.

Key words:

Echinoccocosis – Echinococcus multilocularis – liver transplantation – benzimidazoles

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE „uniform requirements“ for biomedical papers.

Submitted: 19. 6. 2018

Accepted: 3. 7. 2018


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