Resection of Insular Gliomas –  Volumetric Assessment of Radicality


Authors: R. Bartoš 1,4;  M. Sameš 1;  A. Zolal 1;  T. Radovnický 1;  A. Hejčl 1;  P. Vachata 1,4;  F. Cihlář 2;  D. Bejšovec 3;  P. Petrovický 4
Authors‘ workplace: Krajská zdravotní, a. s., Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad Labem, o. z. Neurochirurgická klinika UJEP 1;  Krajská zdravotní, a. s., Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad Labem, o. z. Radiodiagnostické oddělení 2;  Krajská zdravotní, a. s., Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad Labem, o. z. Oddělení anestezie a intenzivní medicíny 3;  Krajská zdravotní, a. s., Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad Labem, o. z. Anatomický ústav 1. LF UK v Praze 4
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2009; 72/105(6): 534-541
Category: Original Paper

Overview

Aim:
The main aim of this work is to document the operability of insular gliomas and to evaluate the achieved radicality of resection exactly.

Patients and methods:

The prospectively stu­died patient group included eight patients harboring an insular glioma, who were operated on in the period of 18 months. The radicality of the resection was evaluated with the use of two methods. For quick evaluation, a simple ellipsoid approximation was used. A volumetric evaluation using semiautomatic segmentation was used as a precise, yet more elaborate method.

Results:
There was no permanent neurological morbidity in our study group. We could achieve an average 84% (56– 100%) tumor mass reduction. In the group of seven large and surgically complex WHO grade II and III gliomas, we achieved an average 82% tumor mass reduction (56– 94%). The semiautomatic segmentation volumetry showed minimal deviation of the measurements and it played a crucial role especially in residual tumor volume evaluation.

Conclusions:
There is no standard method for the treatment for low-grade insular glioma. As a general recommendation, we prefer an active and maximally radical approach, mainly due to the risk of undiagnosed anaplastic astrocytoma. The intraoperative motor evoked potentials monitoring and a meticulous microsurgical preparation of the middle cerebral artery branching, as well as the preoperative knowledge of the position of the lenticulostriate perforators are of utmost importance for the safety of the surgery.

Key words:
insula – glioma – magnetic resonance imaging – motor evoked potentials


Sources

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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

Article was published in

Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

Issue 6

2009 Issue 6

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