Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Angioplasty Stenting as Complementary Treatment Methods: Three Years Experience


Authors: V. Přibáň 1;  J. Fiedler 1;  L. Baránková 1;  M. Bombic 1;  L. Štěrba 2
Authors‘ workplace: neurochirurgické oddělení, radiodiagnostické oddělení Nemocnice České Budějovice 1
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2008; 71/104(1): 75-80
Category: Short Communication

Overview

Aim:
Carotid artery angioplasty with stenting (CAS) is relatively new interventional technique in secondary prevention of brain ischemia. In comparison with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) indications of CAS are not unambiguously established. The aim of our study was retrospective comparison of 30-d neurological morbidity/mortality of elective CAS and CEA in our department during 3 year period.

Methods:
In 1. 2003 - 10. 2006 were performed 481 elective interventions in our institution: 391 CEA and 90 CAS. CAS indications were: ICA restenosis, comorbid conditions, radiation-induced stenosis and difficult acces surgically. Pre-operative symptoms were congruent in both groups.

Results:
30-d neurological morbidity in CEA group was 1.5%, mortality was recorded in 0.3%. In CEA group was neurological morbidity present in 2.2%, mortality has not been recorded.

Conclusion:
30-d morbidity/mortality in CAS group in above mentioned indications was comparable with CEA group. Authors thus consider CAS in indications of carotid restenosis, radiation-induced stenosis, medical conditions and anatomical reasons legitimate.The results are in conformity with AHA/ASA Guidelines.

Key words:
carotid endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting, complementarity


Sources

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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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