Radiation-induced Long-term Alterations in Hippocampus under Experimental Conditions
Authors: Bálentová S., Hajtmanová E., Kinclová I., Lehotský J., Dobrota D., Adamkov M.
Authors - sphere of activity: 1 Institute of Histology and Embryology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovak Republic, 2 Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Martin University Hospital, Martin, Slovak Republic, 3 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovak Republic
Article: Klin Onkol 2012; 25(2): 110-116
Category: Original Articles
Number of articles displayed: 115x
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ionizing radiation on the cell population that co-forms hippocampal formation in an adult rat brain.
Materials and Methods:
Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to whole-body irradiation with fractionated doses of gamma rays (the total dose of 4 Gy). Thirty, 60 and 90 days after irradiation the cell-specific types housed in the CA1, CA3 subregions and adjacent layers were labelled using immunohistochemistry for specific cell phenotypes; Ki-67 marker was used for proliferating cells and GFAP for detection of astrocytes.
During the 30th day post-exposure, a considerable increase in the numbers of Ki-67-positive cells was seen. Moreover, significant decline in the density of neurons, mostly in the CA1 subregion, was observed on the 60th day. Slight overaccumulation of Ki-67-positive cells was seen in CA1 area 90 days after radiation treatment. Temporary decrease of GFAP-positive astrocytes was seen thirty days after irradiation, followed by their subsequent increase 60 days after exposure. Secondary decrease of GFAP-positive cells in both of regions was found in the group surviving 90 days post-irradiation.
Results showed that radiation response of neurons and astrocytes that form the adult hippocampus may play contributory role in the development of prognostically unfavourable adverse radiation-induced late effect.
ionizing radiation – radiation dosage – rat – hippocampus – Ki-67 antigen – GFAP
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