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Is body weight dissatisfaction a predictor of depression independent of body mass index, sex and age? Results of a cross-sectional study

Is body weight dissatisfaction a predictor of depression independent of body mass index, sex and age? Results of a cross-sectional study

Background: Little is known about the association of dissatisfaction with body weight - a component of body image - with depression in individuals of different sex, age, and...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 863/2016

Specialization: Clinical psychology
A non-equivalent group pilot trial of a school-based physical activity and fitness intervention for 10–11 year old english children: born to move

A non-equivalent group pilot trial of a school-based physical activity and fitness intervention for 10–11 year old english children: born to move

Background: PE lessons are the formal opportunity in schools for promotion of physical activity and fitness. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot PE...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 861/2016

Specialization: Paediatrics
Improving adherence to medication in adults with diabetes in the United Arab Emirates

Improving adherence to medication in adults with diabetes in the United Arab Emirates

Background: Diabetes is a chronic medical condition and adherence to medication in diabetes is important. Improving medication adherence in adults with diabetes would help...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 857/2016

Specialization: Diabetology
Adolescents’ psychological health during the economic recession: does public spending buffer health inequalities among young people?

Adolescents’ psychological health during the economic recession: does public spending buffer health inequalities among young people?

Background: Many OECD countries have replied to economic recessions with an adaption in public spending on social benefits for families and young people in need. So far, no...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 860/2016

Specialization: Clinical psychology
Efficacy of a workplace osteoporosis prevention intervention: a cluster randomized trial

Efficacy of a workplace osteoporosis prevention intervention: a cluster randomized trial

Background: Osteoporosis is a debilitating disease. Adequate calcium consumption and physical activity are the two major modifiable risk factors. This paper describes the major...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 859/2016

Dietary patterns associated with body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle in Mexican adolescents

Dietary patterns associated with body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle in Mexican adolescents

Background: The objetive in this study is to determine the relationship between dietary patterns, BMI, type 2 diabetes mellitus family history (T2DMFH) and some lifestyle...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 850/2016

Spatiotemporal analysis of dengue fever in Nepal from 2010 to 2014

Spatiotemporal analysis of dengue fever in Nepal from 2010 to 2014

Background: Due to recent emergence, dengue is becoming one of the major public health problems in Nepal. The numbers of reported dengue cases in general and the area with...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 849/2016

Measuring and assessing HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among migrant workers in Zhejiang, China

Measuring and assessing HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among migrant workers in Zhejiang, China

Background: The aim of this study was to develop a Chinese HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale (C-HSS) and test its reliability and validity among migrant workers in eastern China.Methods...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 845/2016

Trends in risk factors for coronary heart disease in the Netherlands

Trends in risk factors for coronary heart disease in the Netherlands

Background: Favourable trends in risk factor levels in the general population may partly explain the decline in coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality. Our aim was...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 835/2016

Perceptions of nursery staff and parent views of healthy eating promotion in preschool settings: an exploratory qualitative study

Perceptions of nursery staff and parent views of healthy eating promotion in preschool settings: an exploratory qualitative study

Background: In the UK just over a fifth of all children start school overweight or obese and overweight 2–5 year olds are at least 4 times more likely to become overweight...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 841/2016

Rubella immune status of neonates – a window towards seroprevalence among childbearing women

Rubella immune status of neonates – a window towards seroprevalence among childbearing women

Background: When contracted in pregnancy, rubella may cause serious chronic infection of the fetus and development of Congenital Rubella Syndrome. Despite widespread application...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 838/2016

Does low alcohol use increase the risk of sickness absence? A discordant twin study

Does low alcohol use increase the risk of sickness absence? A discordant twin study

Background: Results from observational studies suggest that people who drink little or no alcohol are less healthy than medium drinkers. This has been demonstrated for many...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 825/2016

The association between parental attitudes and alcohol consumption and adolescent alcohol consumption in Southern Ireland: a cross-sectional study

The association between parental attitudes and alcohol consumption and adolescent alcohol consumption in Southern Ireland: a cross-sectional study

Background: Alcohol plays a complex role in society. A recent study showed that over half of Irish adults drink hazardously. Adolescents report increased levels of alcohol...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 821/2016

Under-five mortality rate variation between the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) and Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) approaches

Under-five mortality rate variation between the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) and Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) approaches

Background: Several low and middle-income countries (LMIC) use Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and/or Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) to monitor the...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 1118/2016

Does the recent intensification of nationalistic and xenophobic attitudes in Eastern European countries adversely affect public mental health?

Does the recent intensification of nationalistic and xenophobic attitudes in Eastern European countries adversely affect public mental health?

Background: The authors postulate that the recent intensification of the nationalist and xenophobic attitude in Poland and other Eastern European countries is detrimental to...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 1115/2016

E-cigarette use and smoking reduction or cessation in the 2010/2011 TUS-CPS longitudinal cohort

E-cigarette use and smoking reduction or cessation in the 2010/2011 TUS-CPS longitudinal cohort

Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are heavily marketed and widely perceived as helpful for quitting or reducing smoking intensity. We test whether ever-use of e...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 1105/2016

Prevalence and assessment of malnutrition among children attending the Reproductive and Child Health clinic at Bagamoyo District Hospital, Tanzania

Prevalence and assessment of malnutrition among children attending the Reproductive and Child Health clinic at Bagamoyo District Hospital, Tanzania

Background: Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 1094/2016

The role of socio-economic status in depression: results from the COURAGE (aging survey in Europe)

The role of socio-economic status in depression: results from the COURAGE (aging survey in Europe)

Background: Low socio-economic status (SES) has been found to be associated with a higher prevalence of depression. However, studies that have investigated this association have...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 1098/2016

A comparison of the yield of three tuberculosis screening modalities among people living with HIV: a retrospective quasi-experiemental study

A comparison of the yield of three tuberculosis screening modalities among people living with HIV: a retrospective quasi-experiemental study

Background: The Intensified Case Finding (ICF) tool was approved for TB screening in 2011; however there is still paucity of robust data comparing yields of the different ICF...

Full article   BMC Public Health Issue: 1080/2016