Why are Chinese workers so unhappy? A comparative cross-national analysis of job satisfaction, job expectations, and job attributes

Autoři: Xing Zhang aff001;  Micha Kaiser aff002;  Peng Nie aff003;  Alfonso Sousa-Poza aff002
Působiště autorů: College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yang Ling, Shaanxi, China aff001;  Institute for Health Care & Public Management, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany aff002;  School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China aff003;  Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn, Germany aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222715


Using data from the 2015 International Social Survey Program (ISSP), this study conducts a multinational comparison of job satisfaction determinants and their drivers in 36 countries and regions, with particular attention to the reasons for relatively low job satisfaction among Chinese workers. Based on our results from a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis, we attribute a substantial portion of the job satisfaction differences between China and the other countries to different job attributes and expectations; in particular, to unmet job expectations for interesting work, high pay, and opportunities for advancement. We also note that, contrary to common belief, Chinese workers value similar attributes as Western workers but perceive their work conditions as very different from those in the West.

Klíčová slova:

Asia – Culture – Employment – Germany – China – Jobs – Poland – Labor studies


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