Spatial-temporal variation characteristics and evolution of the global industrial robot trade: A complex network analysis


Autoři: Yaya Li aff001;  Yongtao Peng aff002;  Jianqiang Luo aff002;  Yihan Cheng aff001;  Eleonora Veglianti aff003
Působiště autorů: School of Finance & Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, P.R. China aff001;  School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, P.R. China aff002;  Department of Economics, University of Uninettuno, Roma, Italy aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222785

Souhrn

Industrial robots are a strategic future technology and an important part of the development of artificial intelligence, and they are a necessary means for the intelligent transformation of manufacturing industry. Based on global industrial robot trade data from 1998 to 2017, this paper applies the dynamic complex network analysis method to reveal the spatial and temporal variation characteristics and trade status evolution of the global industrial robot trade network. The results show that the global industrial robot network density has steadily increased, and the industrial robot trade has been characterized by ‘diversification’. The number of major industrial robot exporters in the world is increasing, and the import market is increasingly diversified. The export market structure is relatively tight, the centrality of the global industrial robot trade network shows a downward trend, and the dissimilarity of the ‘core-edge’ clusters decreases year by year. The trade status of ‘catch-up’ countries represented by China has rapidly increased. However, Japan, Germany, and Italy are still in the central position of the industrial robot trade. Moreover, trade of the ‘catch-up’ countries’ is dominated by imports, and exports of industrial robot products are insufficient. Finally, policy suggestions are provided according to the results.

Klíčová slova:

Artificial intelligence – Centrality – Italy – Network analysis – Robots – Structure of markets – Robotics – International trade


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