Sodium alginate potentiates antioxidant defense and PR proteins against early blight disease caused by Alternaria solani in Solanum lycopersicum Linn.


Autoři: Priya Dey aff001;  Ramani Ramanujam aff001;  Ganesan Venkatesan aff002;  Radhakrishnan Nagarathnam aff001
Působiště autorů: Unit of Plant Pathology, Centre for Advance Studies in Botany, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India aff001;  Acme Progen Biotech (India) Pvt. Ltd, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223216

Souhrn

The use of biopolymers as elicitors in controlling plant diseases is gaining momentum world-wide due to their eco-friendly and non-toxic nature. In the present study, we have used an algal biopolymer (sodium alginate) and tested its applicability as an elicitor in inducing resistance factors against Alternaria solani, which causes early blight disease in Solanum lycopersicum (tomato plant). We have pre-treated tomato plants with different concentrations of sodium alginate (0.2%, 0.4%, and 0.6%) before A. solani infection. We found that sodium alginate has effectively controlled the growth of A. solani. In addition, a significant increase in the expression levels of SOD was observed in response to pathogen infection. The increased protease inhibitors activity further suggest that sodium alginate restrict the development of A. solani infection symptoms in tomato leaves. This corroborates well with the cell death analysis wherein increased sodium alginate pre-treatment results in decreased cell death. Also, the expression profile analyses reveal the induction of genes only in sodium alginate-pretreated tomato leaves, which are implicated in plant defense mechanism. Taken together, our results suggest that sodium alginate can be used as an elicitor to induce resistance against A. solani in tomato plants.

Klíčová slova:

Cell death – Infectious disease control – Leaves – Pathogens – Plant pathogens – Tomatoes – Lipid peroxidation – Chymotrypsin


Zdroje

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