Nonverbal synchrony in virtual reality


Autoři: Yilu Sun aff001;  Omar Shaikh aff002;  Andrea Stevenson Won aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Communication, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America aff001;  College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221803

Souhrn

How might nonverbal synchrony naturally evolve in a social virtual reality environment? And how can avatar embodiment affect how participants coordinate nonverbally with each other? In the following pre-registered between-subjects experiment, we tracked the movements of pairs of users during a collaborative or competitive task in immersive virtual reality. Each conversational partner controlled either a customized avatar body or an abstract cube that responded to their movements. We compared the movements of the actual user pairs between the two conditions, and to an artificial “pseudosynchrony” dataset composed of the movements of randomly combined participant pairs who did not actually interact. We found stronger positive and negative correlations between real pairs compared to pseudosynchronous pairs, providing evidence for naturally occurring nonverbal synchrony between pairs in virtual reality. We discuss this in the context of the relationships between avatar appearance, task success, social closeness and social presence.

Klíčová slova:

Engineering and technology – Human factors engineering – Man-computer interface – Virtual reality – Computer and information sciences – Computer architecture – User interfaces – Biology and life sciences – Psychology – Behavior – Collective human behavior – Interpersonal relationships – Creativity – Anatomy – Musculoskeletal system – Body limbs – Neuroscience – Cognitive science – Cognitive psychology – Social sciences – Sociology – Social research – Medicine and health sciences – Arms – Research and analysis methods – Mathematical and statistical techniques – Statistical methods – Test statistics – Physical sciences – Mathematics – Statistics


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2019 Číslo 9

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