Lipid and fatty acid dynamics by maternal Pacific bluefin tuna


Autoři: Yuko Hiraoka aff001;  Yumi Okochi aff002;  Seiji Ohshimo aff003;  Tamaki Shimose aff004;  Hiroshi Ashida aff001;  Takuya Sato aff001;  Yasuhiro Ando aff005
Působiště autorů: Bluefin Tuna Resources Department, National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka, Japan aff001;  Environmental Management Unit, JAPAN NUS Co. Ltd, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff002;  Fisheries Management and Oceanography Department, Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki, Japan aff003;  Research Center for Subtropical Fisheries, Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, Ishigaki-shi, Okinawa, Japan aff004;  Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate-shi, Hokkaido, Japan aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222824

Souhrn

Lipid and fatty acid composition of female Pacific bluefin tuna (PBF, Thunnus orientalis) reproductive and somatic tissues in southwestern North Pacific and Sea of Japan spawning grounds are compared. Total lipid (TL) levels are higher in liver than white muscle tissues. An increased gonadosomatic index (GSI) during the early spawning season coincided with decreased TL. Levels of triacylglycerols (TAG) in PBF liver tissues from the Nansei Islands and Sea of Japan, and white muscle in fishes from the Sea of Japan, decreased during the spawning season, while TAG in ovary tissues did not. Concurrent reductions in TL and increases in GSI early in the spawning season suggest TAG depletion was caused by allocation from liver and white muscle tissues to oocytes, that the liver is one of the important lipid-storage organs in PBF, and this species mostly reliant on capital deposits as a mixed capital-income breeder. Differences of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels between spawning grounds were lower in ovary than in muscle and liver tissues. However, eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) levels that influence egg development and embryo and larval growth are significantly higher in PBF tissues from the Sea of Japan than Nansei Islands, which coincided with larval quality. These suggest a maternal effect exists, with egg quality influencing offspring survival, and that the reproductive strategy of PBF varies according to local variation at each spawning ground.

Klíčová slova:

Fatty acids – Islands – Larvae – Lipids – Muscle tissue – Ovaries – Spawning – Oocytes


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