How did that interaction make you feel? The relationship between quality of everyday social experiences and emotion in people with and without schizophrenia

Autoři: Jasmine Mote aff001;  David E. Gard aff002;  Rachel Gonzalez aff002;  Daniel Fulford aff001
Působiště autorů: Sargent College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America aff001;  Department of Psychology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America aff002;  Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223003


People with schizophrenia report positive emotion during social interactions in ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies; however, few of these studies examine the qualities of social interactions (e.g., intimacy) that may affect emotion experience. In the current EMA study, people with (n = 20) and without schizophrenia (n = 15) answered questions about the quality of their social interactions, including their emotion experiences. We also explored the relationship between EMA-reported social experiences and trait loneliness, negative symptoms, and social functioning. People with and without schizophrenia did not differ in EMA-reported proportion of time spent with others, extent of involvement during social interactions, intimacy of interactions, or average number of social interactions. Both people with and without schizophrenia reported more positive than negative emotion during social experiences. However, people with schizophrenia reported more loneliness, more severe negative symptoms, and impaired social functioning compared to people without schizophrenia. Further, specific qualities of social interactions (intimacy of interaction, involvement during interaction) were related to happiness during interactions only in people without schizophrenia. These results suggest that while people with and without schizophrenia report similar rates of in-the-moment social emotion experiences, the impact of social interaction quality on emotion may differ between groups.

Klíčová slova:

Anxiety – Emotions – Happiness – Interpersonal relationships – Motivation – Quality of life – Schizophrenia – Social media


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