Cinobufacini ameliorates experimental colitis via modulating the composition of gut microbiota


Autoři: Yongfeng Bai aff001;  Siwei Wang aff002;  Wenkai Xu aff003;  Yuanyuan Weng aff001;  Shengmei Zhu aff003;  Hao Sheng aff004;  Jin Zhu aff001;  Feng Zhang aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Clinical Laboratory, Quzhou People's Hospital, Quzhou, Zhejiang, China aff001;  Department of Core Facility, Quzhou People's Hospital, Quzhou, Zhejiang, China aff002;  Department of Medical Information and Technology, Quzhou People's Hospital, Quzhou, Zhejiang, China aff003;  Medical School, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223231

Souhrn

Background

Cinobufacini, the sterilized hot water extraction of dried toad skin, has been widely used in the treatment of inflammation and cancers. Recently we found cinobufacini could ameliorate dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice, but the underlying mechanism was not fully understood. In current study, we explored the effect of cinobufacini on gut microbiota in DSS-induced acute colitic mouse model by pyrosequencing of colonic contents.

Methods

C57BL/6 mice were supplied with normal or 3.0% DSS containing drinking water. DSS-treat mice were gavaged daily either with vehicle (water) or cinobufacini (10.0 or 30.0 mg/kg) for 7 days. The composition of the gut microbiota was assessed by analyzing 16S rRNA gene sequences.

Results

Our data indicated that cinobufacini reversed DSS-induced gut dysbiosis and enhanced intestinal barrier integrity. Moreover, changing of some specific microbial groups such as Proteobacteria and Bacteroides was closely correlated with the re-establishment of intestinal equilibrium and the recovery of intestinal function.

Conclusion

Cinobufacini prevents colitis in mice by modifying the composition and function of gut microbiota. The current study provides additional mechanistic insight in the therapeutic effect of cinobufacini treatment and may pave the way for clinical application of cinobufacini in colitis therapy.

Klíčová slova:

Bacteroides – Body weight – Colon – Gastrointestinal tract – Gut bacteria – Inflammation – Inflammatory bowel disease – Colitis


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2019 Číslo 9

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