Antioxidant properties of potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L.) as a consequence of genetic potential and growing conditions

Autoři: Anna Jadwiga Keutgen aff001;  Elżbieta Wszelaczyńska aff002;  Jarosław Pobereżny aff002;  Agnieszka Przewodowska aff003;  Włodzimierz Przewodowski aff003;  Dorota Milczarek aff004;  Beata Tatarowska aff004;  Bogdan Flis aff004;  Norbert Keutgen aff001
Působiště autorů: BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Division of Vegetables and Ornamentals at the Department of Crop Sciences, Vienna, Austria aff001;  UTP University of Science and Technology, Department of Microbiology and Food Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland aff002;  Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR) – National Research Institute, Bonin Research Center, Bonin, Poland aff003;  PlantBreeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR) - National Research Institute, Młochów Research Center, Młochów, Poland aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222976


The concentrations of the bioactive compounds in potato tubers are determined by both genetic potential and environmental factors. The purpose of the experiment was to determine the influence of organic and integrated production on the expression of the genetic potential with respect to the antioxidant properties of potato tubers and to evaluate its stability under different environmental conditions. This phenotyping was performed on seven new breeding lines (tetraploid clones) and three modern cultivars: Jelly, Satina and Tajfun. The results indicated that production system and location significantly influenced the antioxidant capacity measured by FRAP method. Organic farming and the location Chwałowice were characterized by higher values. Furthermore, anitioxidative capacity measured by FRAP method was correlated with chlorogenic acid content (r = 0.590**) and glutathione fractions, especially with the reduced form (GSH, r = 0.692**). Multidimensional comparative analysis (MCA) proved a better development of antioxidant properties of potato tubers in the organic cultivation system when compared with the integrated. Especially favorable were growing conditions at Boguchwała (organic) and worst at Młochów (integrated). From all investigated varieties, the best antioxidant properties were found in ‘Satina’ and ‘Jelly’. Clones TG-97-403 and 13-VIII-45 developed the weakest health promoting traits.

Klíčová slova:

Antioxidants – Glutathione – Phenols – Potato – Tubers – Organic farming – vitamin C


1. FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Statistic Division; (Accessed 7th June 2019). 2018.

2. Burlingame B, Mouillé B, Charrondiére R. Nutrients, bioactive non-nutrients and anti-nutrients in potatoes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2009; 22: 494–502.

3. Ezekiel R, Singh N, Sharma Sh, Kaur A. Beneficial phytochemicals in potato—a review. Food Research International. 2013; 50: 487–496.

4. Grudzińska M, Czerko Z, Zarzyńska K, Borowska-Komenda M. Bioactive compounds in potato tubers: effects of farming system, cooking method, and flesh color. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0153980. 27139188

5. Gumul D, Ziobro R, Noga M, Sabat R. Characterisation of five potato cultivars according to their nutritional and pro-health components. Acta Sci Pol, Technol Aliment. 2011; 10(1): 73–81.

6. Tsao R. Phytochemical profiles of potato and their roles in human health and wellness. Global Science Books Food; 2009. Pp. 125–135.

7. Reddivari L, Hale AL, Miller JC. 2007. Genotype, location, and year influence antioxidant activity, carotenoid content, phenolic content, and composition in specialty potatoes. J. Agr. Food Chem. 2007; 55: 8073–8079.

8. Pinhero RG, Tsao R, Liu Q, Sullivan JA, Bizimungu B, Yada RY. Protein and phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of 14 early maturing potatoes as affected by processing. Am J Plant Sci. 2016; 7: 69–81.

9. Galani JHY, Mankad PM, Shah AK, Patel NJ, Acharya RR, Talati JG. 2017. Effect of storage temperature on vitamin C, total phenolics, UPLC phenolic acid profile and antioxidant capacity of eleven potato (Solanum tuberosum) varieties. Horticultural Plant Journal. 2017; 3: 73–89.

10. Akyol H, Riciputi Y, Capanoglu E, Caboni MF, Verardo V. Phenolic Compounds in the Potato and Its Byproducts: An Overview. Int J Mol Sci. 2016; 17(6): 835.

11. Lombardo S, Pandino G, Mauromicale G. The effect on tuber quality of an organic versus a conventional cultivation system in the early crop potato. J Food Compos Anal. 2017; 62: 189–196.

12. Lombardo S, Pandino G, Mauromicale G. The influence of growing environment on the antioxidant and mineral content of early crop potato. J Food Compos Anal. 2013; 32: 28–35.

13. Smith-Spangler C, Brandeau ML, Hunter GE, Bavinger JC, Pearson M, Eschbach PJ, Sundaram V, Liu H, Schirmer P, Stave C, Olkin I, Bravata DM. Are organic foods safer or healthier than conventional alternatives? A systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2012; 157: 348–366. 22944875

14. Beals KA. Potatoes, Nutrition and Health. Am. J. Potato Res. 2019; 96: 102–110.

15. Mangge H, Becker K, Fuchs D, Gostner JM. Antioxidants, inflammation and cardiovascular disease. World J Cardiol. 2014; 6(6): 462–477. 24976919

16. Camire ME, Kubow S, Donnelly DJ. Potatoes and human health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2009; 49(10):823–840. 19960391

17. Murr C, Winklhofer-Roob BM, Schroecksnadel K, Maritschnegg M, Mangge H, Böhm BO, Winkelmann BR, März W, Fuchs D. Inverse association between serum concentrations of neopterin and antioxidants in patients with and without angiographic coronary artery disease. Atherosclerosis. 2009; 202:543–549. 18556000

18. Friedman M. Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Dietary Role of Potato Polyphenols. A Review. J. Agric. Food Chem. 1997; 45: 1523–1540.

19. Ch Lovat, Nassar AMK., Kubow S, Li X-Q, Donnelly DJ. Metabolic Biosynthesis of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Antioxidants and Implications for Human Health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016; 56(14): 2278–2303. 25674927

20. McGill CR, Kurilich AC, Davignon J. The role of potatoes and potato components in cardiometabolic health: A review. Annals of Medicine. 2013; 45: 467–473, 23855880

21. Wang Q, Chen Q, He M, Mir P, Su J, Yang Q. Inhibitory effect of antioxidant extracts from various potatoes on the proliferation of human colon and liver cancer cells. Nutr Cancer. 2011; 63(7):1044–52. 21888504

22. Willcox JK, Ash SL, Catignani GL. Antioxidants and Prevention of Chronic Disease. Journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2004; 44(4): 275–295. 15462130

23. Raymundo R, Asseng S, Robertson R, Petsakos A, Hoogenboom G, Quiroz R, Hareau G, Wolf J. Climate change impact on global potato production. Europ J Agronomy. 2017; 100: 87–98.

24. Hamouz K, Lachman J, Pazderů K, Hejtmánková K, Cimr J, Musilová J, Pivec V, Orsák M, Svobodová A. Effect of cultivar, location and method of cultivation on the content of chlorogenic acid in potatoes with different flesh colour. Plant, Soil and Environment. 2013; 59(10): 465–471.

25. Hamouz K, Lachman J, Dvŏrák P, Pivec V. The effect of ecological growing on the potatoes yield and quality. Plant, Soil and Environment. 2005; 51(9): 397–402.

26. Camin F, Moshella A, Miselli F, Parisi B, Versini G, Ranalli P, Bagnaresi P. Evaluation of the markers for the traceability of potato tuber grown in an organic and versus conventional regime. J Sci Food and Agric. 2007; 87: 1330–1336.

27. Main Inspectorate of Plant Health and Seed Inspection (PIORIN). Metodyka integrowanej produkcji ziemniaków. PIORIN 2014, 79 pp.

28. Keutgen AJ, Keutgen N, Wszelaczyńska E, Pobereżny J, Milczarek D, Tatarowska B, Flis B. Evaluation of photosynthetic and yield traits in ten potato clones and cultivars under farming conditions in Poland. Potato Research. 2019;

29. Tatarowska B, Milczarek D, Wszelaczyńska E, Pobereżny J, Keutgen N, Keutgen AJ, Flis B. Carotenoids variability of potato tubers in relation to genotype, growing location and year. American Journal of Potato Research 2019;

30. Albrecht JA. Ascorbic acid content and retention in lettuce. J Food Quality. 1993; 16(4): 311–316.

31. Keutgen AJ, Pawelzik E. Quality and nutritional value of strawberry fruit under long term salt stress. Food Chem. 2008; 107(4): 1413–1420.

32. Singleton VL, Rossi JA. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagent. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 1965; 16: 144–158.

33. Griffiths DW, Bain H, Dale MF. Development of a rapid colorimetric method for the determination of chlorogenic acid in freeze-dried potato tubers. J Sci Food Agric. 1992; 58: 41–48.

34. Wszelaczyńska E. Effect of magnesium fertilization on the content of organic acids and ‘Mila’ potato tuber blackening. Acta Sci Pol, Agricultura. 2004; 3(1): 175–186.

35. Eberhardt MV, Lee CY, Liu RH. Antioxidant activity of fresh apples. Nature. 2000; 405: 903–904.

36. Bártová V, Diviš J, Bárta J, Brabcová A, Švajnerová M. Variation of nitrogenous components in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers produced under organic and conventional crop management. Europ J Agronomy. 2013; 49: 20–31.

37. Lombardo S, Pandino G, Mauromicale G. Nutritional and sensory characteristics of “early” potato cultivars under organic and conventional cultivation systems. Food Chem. 2012; 133: 1249–1254.

38. Gugała M, Zarzecka K, Sikorska A, Kapela K, Niewęgłowski M, Krasnodębska E. Effect of soil conditioner (UGmax) application on the content of phenols and glycoalkaloids in potato tubers. Plant Soil Environ. 2017; 5: 231–235 (2017).

39. Ferrer-Gallego R, Quijada-Morín N, Brás NF, Gomes P, de Freitas V, Rivas-Gonzalo JC, Escribano-Bailón MT. Characterization of Sensory Properties of Flavanols—A Molecular Dynamic Approach. Chem Senses. 2015; 40(6):381–390. 25934978

40. Leo L, Leone A, Longo C, Lombardi DA, Raimo F, Zacheo G. Antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity in early potatoes. J Agric Food Chem. 2008; 56: 4154–4163. 18476702

41. Nowacki W. Characteristic of country registration of potato varieties. 15th ed. Jadwisin: Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute-National Research Institute, Jadwisin Research Center; 2012.

42. King JC, Slavin JL. White potatoes, human health, and dietary guidance. Adv Nutr. 2013; 4(3): 393–401.

Článek vyšel v časopise


2019 Číslo 9

Nejčtenější v tomto čísle

Tomuto tématu se dále věnují…


Zvyšte si kvalifikaci online z pohodlí domova

Antiseptika a prevence ve stomatologii
nový kurz
Autoři: MUDr. Ladislav Korábek, CSc., MBA

Citikolin v neuroprotekci a neuroregeneraci: od výzkumu do klinické praxe nejen očních lékařů
Autoři: MUDr. Petr Výborný, CSc., FEBO

Zánětlivá bolest zad a axiální spondylartritida – Diagnostika a referenční strategie
Autoři: MUDr. Monika Gregová, Ph.D., MUDr. Kristýna Bubová

Diagnostika a léčba deprese pro ambulantní praxi
Autoři: MUDr. Jan Hubeňák, Ph.D

Význam nemocničního alert systému v době SARS-CoV-2
Autoři: doc. MUDr. Helena Lahoda Brodská, Ph.D., prim. MUDr. Václava Adámková

Všechny kurzy
Kurzy Doporučená témata