Ancient technology and punctuated change: Detecting the emergence of the Edomite Kingdom in the Southern Levant


Autoři: Erez Ben-Yosef aff001;  Brady Liss aff002;  Omri A. Yagel aff001;  Ofir Tirosh aff004;  Mohammad Najjar aff002;  Thomas E. Levy aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel aff001;  Department of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America aff002;  Levantine and Cyber-Archaeology Lab, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America aff003;  Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221967

Souhrn

While the punctuated equilibrium model has been employed in paleontological and archaeological research, it has rarely been applied for technological and social evolution in the Holocene. Using metallurgical technologies from the Wadi Arabah (Jordan/Israel) as a case study, we demonstrate a gradual technological development (13th-10th c. BCE) followed by a human agency-triggered punctuated “leap” (late-10th c. BCE) simultaneously across the entire region (an area of ~2000 km2). Here, we present an unparalleled, diachronic archaeometallurgical dataset focusing on elemental analysis of dozens of well-dated slag samples. Based on the results, we suggest punctuated equilibrium provides an innovative theoretical model for exploring ancient technological changes in relation to larger sociopolitical conditions—in the case at hand the emergence of biblical Edom–, exemplifying its potential for more general cross-cultural applications.

Klíčová slova:

Social sciences – Archaeology – Archaeological dating – Radioactive carbon dating – Archaeological excavation – Research and analysis methods – Chemical characterization – Isotope analysis – Physical sciences – Materials science – Metallurgy – Earth sciences – Geology – Stratigraphy – Biology and life sciences – Evolutionary biology – Evolutionary theory – People and places – Geographical locations – Asia – Egypt – Africa


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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 9

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