Age-related differences of inter-joint coordination in elderly during squat jumping

Autoři: Sébastien Argaud aff001;  Benoit Pairot de Fontenay aff002;  Yoann Blache aff001;  Karine Monteil aff001
Působiště autorů: Laboratoire Inter-Université de Biologie de la Motricité, Université Lyon, Lyon, France aff001;  Centre interdisciplinaire de Recherche en Réadaptation et en Intégration Sociale (CIRRIS), Institut de Réadaptation en Déficiences Physique de Québec (IRDPQ), Université de Laval, Québec, Canada aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221716



Explosive movement requires that the individual exerts force and power with appropriate magnitude and timing. These coordination aspects have received less attention despite being a basic prerequisite for daily mobility and physical autonomy, especially in older people. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to characterize the effect of age on inter-joint coordination during explosive movement.


Twenty-one elderly and twenty young participants performed three maximal vertical jumps, while kinematics were recorded throughout each squat jump. Inter-joint coordination and coordination variability were calculated for selected sagittal hip-knee, knee-ankle, and hip-ankle joint couplings using the continuous relative phase method.


The young participants produced significantly greater jump height performance (0.36 ± 0.07 m vs. 0.12 ± 0.04 m, p < 0.001). The mean absolute continuous relative phase for ankle-knee and knee-hip joint couplings were significantly greater for the elderly in comparison to the young group (p < 0.01 for the both). No significant differences between senior and young participants in the mean absolute continuous relative phase for ankle-hip joint couplings (p = 0.25) was observed. However, there was significantly more variability in inter-joint coordination in the elderly marked by greater continuous relative phase variabilities in ankle-knee, ankle-hip and knee-hip joint couplings (p < 0.001) than those observed in young adults.


In this study, seniors demonstrated proximodistal inter-joint coordination but with different delays in the pattern of inter-joint coordination during squat jumps compared to young adults. In addition, a higher continuous relative phase variability in the elderly may be needed to improve stability or compensate for strength deficits in jump achievement.

Klíčová slova:

People and places – Population groupings – Age groups – Elderly – Young adults – Biology and life sciences – Anatomy – Musculoskeletal system – Skeletal joints – Knee joints – Ankle joints – Physiology – Biological locomotion – Jumping – Medicine and health sciences – Geriatrics


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