Age-related differences of inter-joint coordination in elderly during squat jumping


Autoři: Sébastien Argaud aff001;  Benoit Pairot de Fontenay aff002;  Yoann Blache aff001;  Karine Monteil aff001
Působiště autorů: Laboratoire Inter-Université de Biologie de la Motricité, Université Lyon, Lyon, France aff001;  Centre interdisciplinaire de Recherche en Réadaptation et en Intégration Sociale (CIRRIS), Institut de Réadaptation en Déficiences Physique de Québec (IRDPQ), Université de Laval, Québec, Canada aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221716

Souhrn

Background

Explosive movement requires that the individual exerts force and power with appropriate magnitude and timing. These coordination aspects have received less attention despite being a basic prerequisite for daily mobility and physical autonomy, especially in older people. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to characterize the effect of age on inter-joint coordination during explosive movement.

Methods

Twenty-one elderly and twenty young participants performed three maximal vertical jumps, while kinematics were recorded throughout each squat jump. Inter-joint coordination and coordination variability were calculated for selected sagittal hip-knee, knee-ankle, and hip-ankle joint couplings using the continuous relative phase method.

Results

The young participants produced significantly greater jump height performance (0.36 ± 0.07 m vs. 0.12 ± 0.04 m, p < 0.001). The mean absolute continuous relative phase for ankle-knee and knee-hip joint couplings were significantly greater for the elderly in comparison to the young group (p < 0.01 for the both). No significant differences between senior and young participants in the mean absolute continuous relative phase for ankle-hip joint couplings (p = 0.25) was observed. However, there was significantly more variability in inter-joint coordination in the elderly marked by greater continuous relative phase variabilities in ankle-knee, ankle-hip and knee-hip joint couplings (p < 0.001) than those observed in young adults.

Conclusion

In this study, seniors demonstrated proximodistal inter-joint coordination but with different delays in the pattern of inter-joint coordination during squat jumps compared to young adults. In addition, a higher continuous relative phase variability in the elderly may be needed to improve stability or compensate for strength deficits in jump achievement.

Klíčová slova:

People and places – Population groupings – Age groups – Elderly – Young adults – Biology and life sciences – Anatomy – Musculoskeletal system – Skeletal joints – Knee joints – Ankle joints – Physiology – Biological locomotion – Jumping – Medicine and health sciences – Geriatrics


Zdroje

1. Rittweger J, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D, Runge M. Reproducibility of the jumping mechanography as a test of mechanical power output in physically competent adult and elderly subjects. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2004;52(1):128–31. Epub 2003/12/23. 52022 [pii]. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52022.x 14687327.

2. Runge M, Rittweger J, Russo CR, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D. Is muscle power output a key factor in the age-related decline in physical performance? A comparison of muscle cross section, chair-rising test and jumping power. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. 2004;24(6):335–40. Epub 2004/11/04. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2004.00567.x 15522042.

3. Rantanen T. Muscle strength, disability and mortality. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2003;13(1):3–8. Epub 2003/01/22. 12535311.

4. Rantanen T, Avlund K, Suominen H, Schroll M, Frandin K, Pertti E. Muscle strength as a predictor of onset of ADL dependence in people aged 75 years. Aging clinical and experimental research. 2002;14(3 Suppl):10–5. Epub 2002/12/12. 12475129.

5. Trombetti A, Reid KF, Hars M, Herrmann FR, Pasha E, Phillips EM, et al. Age-associated declines in muscle mass, strength, power, and physical performance: impact on fear of falling and quality of life. Osteoporosis international. 2016;27(2):463–71. Epub 2015/07/22. doi: 10.1007/s00198-015-3236-5 26194491; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC4960453.

6. Argaud S, Pairot de Fontenay B, Blache Y, Monteil K. Explosive movement in the older men: analysis and comparative study of vertical jump. Aging clinical and experimental research. 2017;29(5):985–92. Epub 2016/11/16. doi: 10.1007/s40520-016-0660-0 27844453.

7. Yamauchi J, Ishii N. Relations between force-velocity characteristics of the knee-hip extension movement and vertical jump performance. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2007;21(3):703–9. Epub 2007/08/10. doi: 10.1519/R-20516.1 17685704.

8. Fukashiro S, Komi PV. Joint moment and mechanical power flow of the lower limb during vertical jump. Int J Sports Med. 1987;8 Suppl 1:15–21. Epub 1987/03/01. 3689489.

9. Liu Y, Peng CH, Wei SH, Chi JC, Tsai FR, Chen JY. Active leg stiffness and energy stored in the muscles during maximal counter movement jump in the aged. Journal of electromyography and kinesiology. 2006;16(4):342–51. Epub 2006/01/13. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2005.08.001 16406603.

10. Argaud S, Pairot de Fontenay B, Blache Y, Monteil K. Does ageing cause joint mechanics redistribution during explosive movement? Human Movement Science. in submission.

11. Aagaard P, Simonsen EB, Andersen JL, Magnusson P, Dyhre-Poulsen P. Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2002;93(4):1318–26. Epub 2002/09/18. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00283.2002 12235031.

12. Kulmala JP, Korhonen MT, Kuitunen S, Suominen H, Heinonen A, Mikkola A, et al. Which muscles compromise human locomotor performance with age? Journal of The Royal Society Interface. 2014;11(100):1–10. Epub 2014/09/12. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2014.0858 25209406; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC4191118.

13. Beijersbergen CM, Granacher U, Vandervoort AA, DeVita P, Hortobagyi T. The biomechanical mechanism of how strength and power training improves walking speed in old adults remains unknown. Ageing Research Reviews. 2013;12(2):618–27. Epub 2013/03/19. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2013.03.001 23501431.

14. Devita P, Fellin RE, Seay JF, Ip E, Stavro N, Messier SP. The Relationships between Age and Running Biomechanics. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2016;48(1):98–106. Epub 2015/08/11. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000744 26258853.

15. Cortis C, Tessitore A, Perroni F, Lupo C, Pesce C, Ammendolia A, et al. Interlimb coordination, strength, and power in soccer players across the lifespan. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2009;23(9):2458–66. Epub 2009/11/17. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bc1b39 19910829.

16. Bobbert MF, Van Soest AJ. Effetcs of muscle strengthening on vertical jump height: a simulation study. MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS & EXERCISE. 1994;26:1012–20.

17. Gregoire L, Veeger HE, Huijing PA, van Ingen Schenau GJ. Role of mono- and biarticular muscles in explosive movements. Int J Sports Med. 1984;5(6):301–5. Epub 1984/12/01. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1025921 6511147.

18. Haguenauer M, Legreneur P, Monteil KM. Vertical jumping reorganization with aging: a kinematic comparison between young and elderly men. The Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 2005;21(3):236–46. Epub 2005/11/02. 16260844.

19. Wilson C, Perkin OJ, McGuigan MP, Stokes KA. The Effect of Age on Technique Variability and Outcome Variability during a Leg Press. PLoS One. 2016;11(10):e0163764. Epub 2016/10/05. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0163764 27701431; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC5049752.

20. Domkin D, Laczko J, Jaric S, Johansson H, Latash ML. Structure of joint variability in bimanual pointing tasks. Experimental brain research. 2002;143(1):11–23. Epub 2002/03/22. doi: 10.1007/s00221-001-0944-1 11907686.

21. Light KE. Information processing for motor performance in aging adults. Physical therapy. 1990;70(12):820–6. Epub 1990/12/01. doi: 10.1093/ptj/70.12.820 2236225.

22. Chiu SL, Chang CC, Dennerlein JT, Xu X. Age-related differences in inter-joint coordination during stair walking transitions. Gait & posture. 2015;42(2):152–7. Epub 2015/06/06. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.05.003 26043669.

23. Chardonnens J, Favre J, Cuendet F, Gremion G, Aminian K. Characterization of lower-limbs inter-segment coordination during the take-off extension in ski jumping. Hum Mov Sci. 2013;32(4):741–52. Epub 2013/07/03. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2013.01.010 23810716.

24. Blache Y, Pairot de Fontenay B, Argaud S, Monteil K. Asymmetry of Inter-joint Coordination during Single Leg Jump after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38(2):159–67. Epub 2016/12/17. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-109976 27984842.

25. WHO Guidelines Approved by the Guidelines Review Committee. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization Copyright (c) World Health Organization 2010.; 2010.

26. Berthouze SE, Aranda P. A software for physical activity measurement: the PAQAP. Science & Sports. 2001;16(3):171–2.

27. Greig CA, Young A, Skelton DA, Pippet E, Butler FM, Mahmud SM. Exercise studies with elderly volunteers. Age and ageing. 1994;23(3):185–9. Epub 1994/05/01. doi: 10.1093/ageing/23.3.185 8085501.

28. Miller PJ. Assessment of joint motion. In: (Ed.) R, editor. Measurement in Physical Therapy: Clinics in Physical Therapy. 7. New York (NY): Churchill Livingstone Inc; 1985. p. 103–36.

29. Bobbert MF, de Graaf WW, Jonk JN, Casius LJ. Explanation of the bilateral deficit in human vertical squat jumping. Journal of applied physiology. 2006;100(2):493–9. Epub 2005/10/22. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00637.2005 16239616.

30. Winter D. Biomechanics and motor control of human movement. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 2009.

31. Begon M, Andersen MS, Dumas R. Multibody Kinematics Optimization for the Estimation of Upper and Lower Limb Human Joint Kinematics: A Systematized Methodological Review. J Biomech Eng. 2018;140(3). Epub 2017/12/15. doi: 10.1115/1.4038741 29238821.

32. Hamill J, van Emmerik RE, Heiderscheit BC, Li L. A dynamical systems approach to lower extremity running injuries. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1999;14(5):297–308. Epub 1999/10/16. 10521606.

33. Galgon AK, Shewokis PA. Using Mean Absolute Relative Phase, Deviation Phase and Point-Estimation Relative Phase to Measure Postural Coordination in a Serial Reaching Task. The Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2016;15(1):131–41. Epub 2016/03/10. 26957936; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC4763832.

34. Bobbert MF, van Ingen Schenau GJ. Coordination in vertical jumping. Journal of biomechanics. 1988;21(3):249–62. Epub 1988/01/01. 0021-9290(88)90175-3 [pii]. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(88)90175-3 3379084.

35. Bobbert MF, van Soest AJ. Why do people jump the way they do? Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2001;29(3):95–102. Epub 2001/07/28. 11474963.

36. Macaluso A, De Vito G. Muscle strength, power and adaptations to resistance training in older people. European journal of applied physiology. 2004;91(4):450–72. Epub 2003/11/26. doi: 10.1007/s00421-003-0991-3 14639481.

37. Hakkinen K, Alen M, Kallinen M. Muscle CSA, force production, and activation of leg extensors during isometric and dynamic actions in middle-aged and elderly men and women. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 1998;6(3):232–47.

38. De Vito G, Bernardi M, Forte R, Pulejo C, Macaluso A, Figura F. Determinants of maximal instantaneous muscle power in women aged 50–75 years. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. 1998;78(1):59–64. Epub 1998/07/11. doi: 10.1007/s004210050387 9660157.

39. Goble DJ, Coxon JP, Wenderoth N, Van Impe A, Swinnen SP. Proprioceptive sensibility in the elderly: degeneration, functional consequences and plastic-adaptive processes. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews. 2009;33(3):271–8. Epub 2008/09/17. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2008.08.012 18793668.

40. Hortobagyi T, Devita P. Mechanisms responsible for the age-associated increase in coactivation of antagonist muscles. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2006;34(1):29–35. Epub 2006/01/06. 00003677-200601000-00007 [pii]. 16394812.

41. Danneskiold-Samsoe B, Bartels EM, Bulow PM, Lund H, Stockmarr A, Holm CC, et al. Isokinetic and isometric muscle strength in a healthy population with special reference to age and gender. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2009;197 Suppl 673:1–68. Epub 2009/09/18. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2009.02022.x 19744082.

42. Skelton DA, Greig CA, Davies JM, Young A. Strength, power and related functional ability of healthy people aged 65–89 years. Age and ageing. 1994;23(5):371–7. Epub 1994/09/01. doi: 10.1093/ageing/23.5.371 7825481.

43. Danneskiold-Samsoe B, Kofod V, Munter J, Grimby G, Schnohr P, Jensen G. Muscle strength and functional capacity in 78-81-year-old men and women. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. 1984;52(3):310–4. Epub 1984/01/01. doi: 10.1007/bf01015216 6539684.

44. Hall KS, Cohen HJ, Pieper CF, Fillenbaum GG, Kraus WE, Huffman KM, et al. Physical Performance Across the Adult Life Span: Correlates With Age and Physical Activity. The journals of gerontology Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences. 2017;72(4):572–8. Epub 2016/07/01. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glw120 27356977.

45. Kelso JAS. Dynamic Patterns: The Self-organization of Brain and Behavior. Cambridge: MIT Press; 1995.

46. Bartlett R, Wheat J, Robins M. Is movement variability important for sports biomechanists? Sports biomechanics. 2007;6(2):224–43. Epub 2007/09/26. doi: 10.1080/14763140701322994 17892098.

47. Wilson C, Simpson SE, van Emmerik RE, Hamill J. Coordination variability and skill development in expert triple jumpers. Sports biomechanics. 2008;7(1):2–9. Epub 2008/03/18. doi: 10.1080/14763140701682983 18341132.

48. Pesce C. An Integrated Approach to the Effect of Acute and Chronic Exercise on Cognition: The Linked Role of Individual and Task Constraints. In: T. McMorris PDTaMA, editor. Exercise and Cognitive Function2009.

49. Cortis C, Tessitore A, Lupo C, Perroni F, Pesce C, Capranica L. Changes in jump, sprint, and coordinative performances after a senior soccer match. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2013;27(11):2989–96. Epub 2013/02/27. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182897a46 23439333.

50. Preatoni E, Ferrario M, Dona G, Hamill J, Rodano R. Motor variability in sports: a non-linear analysis of race walking. Journal of sports sciences. 2010;28(12):1327–36. Epub 2010/09/21. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2010.507250 20853204.

51. Qiao M, Feld JA, Franz JR. Aging effects on leg joint variability during walking with balance perturbations. Gait & posture. 2018;62:27–33. Epub 2018/03/07. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.02.020 29510323.

52. Ihlen EA. Age-related changes in inter-joint coordination during walking. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014;117(2):189–98. Epub 2014/05/24. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00212.2014 24855139.

53. Preatoni E, Hamill J, Harrison AJ, Hayes K, Van Emmerik RE, Wilson C, et al. Movement variability and skills monitoring in sports. Sports biomechanics. 2013;12(2):69–92. Epub 2013/08/01. doi: 10.1080/14763141.2012.738700 23898682.

54. Stergiou N, Harbourne R, Cavanaugh J. Optimal movement variability: a new theoretical perspective for neurologic physical therapy. Journal of neurologic physical therapy: JNPT. 2006;30(3):120–9. Epub 2006/10/13. 17029655.

55. Freitas SM, Scholz JP, Latash ML. Analyses of joint variance related to voluntary whole-body movements performed in standing. Journal of neuroscience methods. 2010;188(1):89–96. Epub 2010/01/29. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.01.023 20105441; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC2943229.

56. Latash ML, Scholz JP, Schoner G. Motor control strategies revealed in the structure of motor variability. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2002;30(1):26–31. Epub 2002/01/22. 11800496.

57. Latash M. There is no motor redundancy in human movements. There is motor abundance. Motor Control. 2000;4(3):259–60. Epub 2000/09/02. 10970151.


Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 9

Nejčtenější v tomto čísle

Tomuto tématu se dále věnují…


Kurzy

Zvyšte si kvalifikaci online z pohodlí domova

Výhody léčby pacientů s DM 2. typu GLP-1 agonisty
nový kurz
Autoři: prof. MUDr. Martin Haluzík, DrSc.

Syndrom suchého oka – diagnostika, komplikace a léčba
Autoři: MUDr. Petr Výborný, CSc., FEBO

Systémová léčba psoriázy
Autoři: MUDr. Jiří Horažďovský, Ph.D

Klinická farmakokinetika betablokátorů
Autoři:

Současné možnosti terapie osteoartrózy
Autoři: MUDr. Jakub Holešovský

Všechny kurzy
Kurzy Doporučená témata