Adjustment of a numerical model for pore pressure generation during an earthquake


Autoři: Jose Luis Garcia Diez aff001;  Jesus Gonzalez Galindo aff001;  Antonio Soriano Peña aff001aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Engineering and Soil Morphology, E.T.S. de Ingenieros de Caminos, C. y P., Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Spain aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222834

Souhrn

This article proposes methodology for evaluating the accuracy of the pore pressure generation model devised by Byrne, as implemented in a commercial software program using a Mohr-Coulomb-type failure criterion and a Finn constitutive model. The different empirical formulas of liquefaction developed by Seed and Idriss are reviewed, as well as various constitutive models specified in the literature, emphasizing the selection of the Finn model for the liquefaction study. In the analysis a comparison is carried out using the factors of safety against liquefaction (FSLs) devised by Seed and Idriss and the adapted formula by Boulanger and Idriss. The analysis assumes a hypothesis to verify whether a soil element is liquefied. The results are then compared with those of a numerical model that simulates a soil column, the base of which is subjected to the same seismic inputs of varying magnitudes, Mw, and peak ground accelerations, Pga, to which the empirical model was subjected. Adjusted equations are provided on the based on that comparison to allow for the calibration of the Byrne equation using the (N1)60 value obtained via a standard penetration test (SPT), for the study of liquefaction problems in situations in which there are earthquakes of varying magnitudes.

Klíčová slova:

Deformation – Engineering and technology – Plant resistance to abiotic stress – Seeds – Shear stresses – Statistical distributions – Valleys – Chemical composition


Zdroje

1. Byrne, P. M. (1991). A cyclic shear-volume coupling and pore-pressure model for sand in proceedings. Second International Conference on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, St. Louis, Paper N.° 1.24, 47–55.

2. Mogami, T., and Kubo, K. (1953). The behaviour of soil during vibration. Proceedings, 3rd International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Zurich, Vol. 1, pp. 152–155.

3. Seed H. B. and Idriss I. M. (1971). Simplified procedure for evaluating soil liquefaction potential. Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Div., ASCE 97(SM9), 1249–273.

4. Shibata T. (1981). "Relations between N-value and liquefaction potential of sand deposits". Proc. 16th Annual Convention of Japanese Society of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Tokio, 621–624.

5. Tokimatsu K. and Yoshimi Y. (1983). Empirical correlation of soil liquefaction based on SPT N-value and fines content. Soils and Foundations, 23(4), 56–74.

6. Seed, H. B., Tokimatsu, K., Harder, L. F. Jr., and Chung, R. (1984). The influence of SPT procedures in soil liquefaction resistance evaluations. Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, Report N.° UCB/EERC-84/15.

7. Seed H. B., Tokimatsu K., Harder L. F., and Chung R. M. (1985). "Influence of SPT Procedures in soil liquefaction resistance evaluations. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, 111(12), 1425–1445.

8. Golesorkhi, R. (1989). Factors Influencing the Computational Determination of Earthquake-Induced Shear Stresses in Sandy Soils. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California at Berkeley.

9. Idriss, I. M. (1999). An update to the Seed-Idriss simplified procedure for evaluating liquefaction potential, in Proceedings, TRB Workshop on New Approaches to Liquefaction. Publication No. FHWA-RD-99-165, Federal Highway Administration.

10. Cetin, K. O., Seed, R., Moss, R. E. S., Der Kiureghian, A. K., Tokimatsu, K., Harder, L. F. et al. (2000). Field Performance Case Histories for SPT-Based Evaluation of Soil Liquefaction Triggering Hazard, Geotechnical Engineering Research”. Report No. UCB/GT-2000/09, Geotechnical Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, University of California at Berkeley.

11. Youd, T. L., Idriss, I. M., Andrus, R. D., Arango, I., Castro, G., Christian, J. T. et al. (2001). Liquefaction resistance of soils: summary report from the 1996 NCEER and 1998 NCEER/NSF workshops on evaluation of liquefaction resistance of soils. J. Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Eng., ASCE 127(10), 817–33.

12. Cetin K. O., Seed R., Der Kiureghian A., Tokimatsu K., Harder L. F., Kayen R. E., et al. (2004). Standard penetration test-based probabilistic and deterministic assessment of seismic soil liquefaction potential. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Eng., ASCE 130(12), 1314–340.

13. Idriss, I. M. and Boulanger, R. W. (2004). Semi-empirical procedures for evaluating liquefaction potential during earthquakes, in Proceedings, 11th International Conference on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, and 3rd International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering. D. Doolin et al., eds., Stallion Press, Vol. 1, pp. 32–56.

14. Idriss I. M. and Boulanger R. W. (2008). “Soil liquefaction during earthquakes. Monograph MNO-12”. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Oakland, CA.

15. Boulanger R. W., Wilson D. W., and Idriss I. M. (2012). Examination and reevalaution of spt-based liquefaction triggering case histories. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 138(8), 898–909.

16. Idriss I. M., and Boulanger R. W. (2010). SPT-based liquefaction triggering procedures. Rep. UCD/CGM-10,2. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA.

17. Boulanger, R. W. and Idriss, I. M. (2014). CPT and SPT Based Liquefaction Triggering Procedures. Report N.° UCD/CGM-14/01. Departament of Civil and Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, University of California at Davis.

18. Cetin, K. O., Seed, R., Kayen, R. E., Moss, R. E. S., Bilge, H. T., Ilgac, M., et al. (2016). Summary of SPT based field case history data of (2016) Database. Report N.°: METU / GTENG 08/16-01. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Research Center. Middle East Technical University.

19. Cetin K. O., Seed R. B., Kayen R. E., Moss R. E., Bilge H. T., Ilgac M., et al (2018). SPT-based probabilistic and deterministic assessment of seismic soil liquefaction triggering hazard. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 115, 698–709.

20. Yang Y., Chen L., Sun R., Chen Y., and Wang W. (2017). A depth-consistent SPT-based empirical equation for evaluating sand liquefaction. Engineering geology, 221, 41–49.

21. Rostami H., Baziar M. H., and Alibolandi M. (2018). Reevaluation of SPT-Based Liquefaction Case History Using Earthquake Demand Energy. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics V: Liquefaction Triggering, Consequences, and Mitigation (pp. 493–501). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers.

22. Wang Z.L., Dafalias Y.F., and Shen C.K. (1990). Bounding surface hypoplasticity model for sand. Journal of engineering mechanics, 116 (5), 983–1001.

23. Martín G. R., Finn W. D. L., and Deed H. B. (1975). “Fundamentals of Liquefaction under Cyclic Loading,” J. Geotech., Div. ASCE, 101 (GT5), 423–438.

24. Jefferies M. G. (1993). Nor-Sand: a simle critical state model for sand. Geotechnique. Volume 43(1), 91–103.

25. Byrne P. M., Debasis R., Campanella R. G. and Hughes J. (1995). Predicting liquefaction response of granular soils from Self-Boring Pressuremeter Tests. ASCE National Convention, San Diego, California, October 23–27, ASCE, 56(GSP), pp. 122–135.

26. Rauch A. F. and Martin J. M. (2000). “EPOLLS model for predicting average displacements on lateral spreads”. Journal of Geotech. and Geoenviron. Eng., ASCE, Vol. 126, N.º 4, 360–371.

27. Galindo, R. (2010). Analysis, modeling and numerical implementation of the behavior of soft soils because of the combination of static and cyclical shear stresses. Ph.D. Thesis, ETSICCP, UPM.

28. Patiño, H. (2009). Influence of the combination of static and cyclical shear stresses in the evaluation of dynamic parameters of a cohesive soil. Ph.D. Thesis, ETSICCP, UPM.

29. Andrianopoulos K. I., Papadimitriou A. G., and Bouckovalas G. D. (2010). Bounding surface plasticity model for the seismic liquefaction analysis of geostructures. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 30(10), 895–911.

30. Soriano, A. (2015). Dynamic study of foundations in port works. Ph.D. Thesis, ETSICCP, UPM.

31. The input accelerograms to carry out the simulations were extracted from the: European Strong Motion Database, Peer Strong Motion Database, Strong Motion Virtual Data Center and Strong Motion Engineering Data Center. See Table 3.

32. Imai, T. and Tonouchi, K. (1982). “Correlation of N-value with S-Wave velocity and shear modulus”. Proceedings, 2nd European Symposium on Penetration Testing, Amsterdam, pp 57–72.

33. Itasca (2012). Itasca Consulting Group Inc. FLAC3D (Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua). Online Manual. Version 5.0. Minneapolis.

34. Ishihara K. (1977). "Simple method of analysis for liquefaction of sand deposits during earthquakes”. Soils and Foundations, 17(3), 1–17.


Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 9

Nejčtenější v tomto čísle

Tomuto tématu se dále věnují…


Kurzy

Zvyšte si kvalifikaci online z pohodlí domova

Léčba bolesti v ordinaci praktického lékaře
nový kurz
Autoři: MUDr. PhDr. Zdeňka Nováková, Ph.D.

Revmatoidní artritida: včas a k cíli
Autoři: MUDr. Heřman Mann

Jistoty a nástrahy antikoagulační léčby aneb kardiolog - neurolog - farmakolog - nefrolog - právník diskutují
Autoři: doc. MUDr. Štěpán Havránek, Ph.D., prof. MUDr. Roman Herzig, Ph.D., doc. MUDr. Karel Urbánek, Ph.D., prim. MUDr. Jan Vachek, MUDr. et Mgr. Jolana Těšínová, Ph.D.

Léčba akutní pooperační bolesti
Autoři: doc. MUDr. Jiří Málek, CSc.

Nové antipsychotikum kariprazin v léčbě schizofrenie
Autoři: prof. MUDr. Cyril Höschl, DrSc., FRCPsych.

Všechny kurzy
Kurzy Doporučená témata Časopisy
Přihlášení
Zapomenuté heslo

Nemáte účet?  Registrujte se

Zapomenuté heslo

Zadejte e-mailovou adresu se kterou jste vytvářel(a) účet, budou Vám na ni zaslány informace k nastavení nového hesla.

Přihlášení

Nemáte účet?  Registrujte se