A randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy program for adolescents with anxiety disorders


Autoři: Silke Stjerneklar aff001;  Esben Hougaard aff001;  Lauren F. McLellan aff002;  Mikael Thastum aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, School of Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark aff001;  Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, New South Wales, North Ryde, Australia aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222485

Souhrn

Background

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in adolescence, but access to health care services is limited and only few receive professional help. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been proposed to increase accessibility and reduce costs of treatment.

Objective

The study evaluated the efficacy of a Danish version of the guided ICBT program ChilledOut Online, developed at the Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Australia.

Method

At the Centre for Psychological Treatment of Children and Adolescents, Aarhus University, Denmark, a randomized controlled trial was conducted with 70 adolescents (13–17 years) with anxiety disorders according to DSM-IV. Participants were randomly assigned to a 14-weeks therapist-guided ICBT or to a waitlist condition. Outcomes were evaluated post-treatment and at 3- and 12-month follow-up.

Results

At post-treatment, the ICBT group significantly outperformed the waitlist condition with moderate to large between-group effect sizes on diagnostic severity and anxiety symptoms rated by clinicians, and by adolescents and their parents. Forty percent of adolescents in ICBT were free of their primary diagnosis compared to 16% in the waitlist condition. Treatment gains were maintained at 3- and 12-month follow-up.

Conclusion

Results of the study provide support for the efficacy of guided ICBT for adolescents with anxiety disorders.

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02535403.

Klíčová slova:

People and places – Population groupings – Age groups – Children – Adolescents – Families – Fathers – Biology and life sciences – Psychology – Emotions – Anxiety – Social sciences – Medicine and health sciences – Mental health and psychiatry – Neuropsychiatric disorders – Anxiety disorders – Neuroses – Diagnostic medicine – Research and analysis methods – Research design – Survey research – Questionnaires


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